A dumber world without Peter Gay

A dumber world without Peter Gay


norman lebrecht

May 15, 2015

He was the last of the Enlightenment men, an intellectual who mastered a dozen displines and could converse about them fluently in four or five languages. Peter Gay, who died on Tuesday, was the supreme authority on the German-Jewish symbiosis that flourished from the early 19th century until the rise of Hitler. He knew both cultures inside out.

The first essay of his that ever came my way was an analysis of the relationship between Richard Wagner and Hermann Levi, his chosen Parsifal conductor. The correspondence that Peter Gay discovered between Levi and his father, the chief rabbi of Hessen, explaining why he was working for a notorious anti-semite in pursuit of a post-religious nirvana, cuts to the very heart of the creative tension between Jews and Germans, anticipating a terrible nemesis.



Very little of Peter Gay’s writing is readily accessible online. But there’s a wonderful demolition by him of a 1987 Michael Ignatieff review of two Freud studies in the NYRB, a review that he skewers with elegance and precision:

Michael Ignatieff’s review … has some of his usual felicities and suggestive speculations. But unfortunately, it is vitiated by a series of errors that deserve to be noted. These are not simply careless mistakes about minor biographical detail, but they lie at the heart of Ignatieff’s argument and, I believe, have incapacitated him from getting to the heart of the two books he has reviewed.

Savour the full article here.

Bless his memory.


  • Novagerio says:

    Levi was GMD at the then Court Opera in Munich. Mottl was in Karlsruhe and Richter was in Vienna and in Manchester. And that’s the logic.

  • John Borstlap says:

    Wagner was forced to accept levi as conductor of the court orchestra since the king offered the orchestra for the premiere of Parsifal including its principal conductor, and refused to have him replaced, as W had requested, on racial grounds. Then W tried to have Levi conversed to Christianity which Levi refused. In the rehearsel period W received an anonymous letter accusing Levi of also conducting an affair with W’s wife, which W showed to the stunned conductor who immediaty left Bayreuth and had to be lured back. And all the while W had a secret thing going-on with Judith Gauthier, who was half-Jewish. All these are bizarre stories…..