December 1963 saw the deaths of two German composers who, each in a different way, stood up against their country’s Nazi government.
Paul Hindemith left the country in 1935 once it was made clear to him that his music would not be performed again.
Karl Amadeus Hartmann (pictured) made a principled decision in 1933 that his music would not be played in Germany so long as Hitler was in power.
Hindemith, after a period teaching in Turkey, found a comfortable exile at Yale.
Hartmann, who revived modernism in Munich after the War, has never achieved recognition outside his native land.
His second string quartet is my album of the week on Sinfinimusic. Read here.